Gothic architecture is a style of architecture that emerged in Europe during the late medieval period, around the 12th century, and continued to evolve until the 16th century. It is characterized by its distinctive features, including pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and flying buttresses. Gothic architecture is most commonly associated with cathedrals, churches, and other religious structures but was also used in the construction of civic buildings and universities.
Key characteristics of Gothic architecture include:
Notable examples of Gothic architecture include the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris, the Canterbury Cathedral in England, and the Cologne Cathedral in Germany. Gothic architecture reflects the religious and cultural aspirations of the medieval period and represents a significant departure from the earlier Romanesque style. The style has left a lasting impact on European architecture and has inspired revivals in subsequent centuries.