Art Nouveau architecture, a distinctive style that emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, is characterized by its ornate and decorative features inspired by natural forms and asymmetrical lines. Also known as Jugendstil (in Germany), Modernisme (in Spain and Catalonia), and other regional names, Art Nouveau sought to break away from the historical revival styles prevalent in the 19th century. It is marked by a focus on fluid, organic shapes, and a desire to integrate art into everyday life.
Key characteristics of Art Nouveau architecture include:
Prominent examples of Art Nouveau architecture include the works of architects such as Victor Horta in Belgium, Antoni Gaudí in Spain, Hector Guimard in France (known for the entrances of the Paris Métro), and Charles Rennie Mackintosh in Scotland. The style had a significant impact on various art forms, including architecture, decorative arts, and graphic design, and it marked a transition towards the modernist movements of the 20th century.