Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style that emerged in the mid-18th century as a reaction against the extravagance and ornamentation of the preceding Baroque and Rococo styles. It draws inspiration from classical Greek and Roman architecture, seeking to revive the principles of order, symmetry, and proportion that characterized the buildings of ancient Greece and Rome. Neoclassicism became a dominant architectural style during the late 18th and early 19th centuries and was associated with the ideals of the Enlightenment.
Key characteristics of Neoclassical architecture include:
Prominent examples of Neoclassical architecture include the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., the École Militaire in Paris, and the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin. Neoclassical principles also influenced the design of civic buildings, museums, and private residences during its popularity. The style’s emphasis on classical ideals and rationality made it a fitting choice for structures associated with government, education, and cultural institutions.